Tuesday, April 1, 2008

DEVELOPMENT OF BUS RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEM (BRTS)

1.Background to the Project:Public transport plays a dominant role in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR). Rail and bus services combined carry about 88% of the region's motorized personal trips. While suburban rail services carry over 6 million passengers per day, the bus services carry over 5.5 million passengers per day. Despite their crucial role, public transport modes in Mumbai face formidable challenges. Improvement augmentation of Suburban Railways, are being comprehensively addressed under the on-going MUTP. As regards the BEST bus provides the services in Mumbai and adjacent areas of Navi Mumbai, Thane, Mira - Bhyandar. Selective interventions like fleet augmentation and operational efficiency of BEST are addressed under the MUTP. However, the road network improvements, physical and infrastructural facilities are yet to be addressed.

2.Role of BEST:Mumbai's bus services, BEST, caters to around 4.5 million passengers trips per day, with its fleet of 3400 buses. This is about 45% of the total public transport demand. The undertaking provides a variety of services:
i.Feeder / Dispersal service to / from suburban stations from adjoining Residential & commercial areas
ii.Medium / long distance trunk routes in limited and ordinary services
iii.Air Conditioned / luxury service along Trunk routes (selected)
iv.Services to and from adjoining urban areas (Navi Mumbai, Thane, Bhayander)

2.1Though BEST tries its best to meet the demand, it has not been able to exploit its capacity to the optimum, and there is still a large amount of unmet demand that is lost to IPT (Auto / Taxi) & private vehicles. One major reason for loss of passenger's patronage is lack of Public Transport priorities on the road and the BEST has to compete with other traffic for Right of Way. Delays due to turn around time near suburban stations etc. result in low operating speeds and long travel time.

2.2In order to improve the BEST Bus service and to provide higher LOS and ensure further increase bus utilization and reduce private transport, the Government of Maharashtra has decided to introduce Bus Rapid Transit Systems (BRTS) on all major arterials especially on the Eastern and Western Express Highways, to start with. Significantly improved operating conditions, higher speeds and better quality of service are expected to result in substantial gain to Bus system and overall city. MMRDA intends to retain experienced consultants who shall provide consultancy towards implementation of BRTS.

The consultants are required to undertake the following tasks.

i.Examine the feasibility of introducing the BRTS development on citywide network and on Eastern & Western Express Highway specifically.
ii.Design overall component essential for effective BRTS.
iii.To provide complete engineering designs of all civil and traffic engineering components.
iv.Preparation of detailed cost estimates and Bid documents.
v.Assist MMRDA in implementation of BRTS.

STATION AREA TRAFFIC IMPROVEMENT SCHEME (SATIS)

Suburban Railways are the back bone of Mumbai’s transportation system and serves the 55% of daily travel needs of the city region. Thus, suburban station areas have developed as HUBS of activities in the overall land use. Concentrations of transport interchange activity, retail commercial activities, shopping centers and hocking are predominant in station area. As regards the transport interchange the station areas cater to planned and systematic commuter movement to and from railways, passenger transfer to and from BEST, IPT and private modes. This has resulted in to chaotic condition around the station resulting congestion and pollution.

2.The suburban stations are provided with minimum facilities for commuter movement from road modes to the station and within the station. Under the MUTP, railways are contemplating major improvement in railway operation targeted to high frequency which would increase passenger through put. Therefore, the stations need to enhance their commuter handling and interchange facilities. The conditions would further deteriorate if no further improvements are taken up to stations. While railways are expected to address in-station improvements, the SATIS would address the road/pedestrian improvement out side station as an integrated plan for improvement of station area.

3.MMRDA intends to retain experienced consultants to assist in planning and implementation of SATIS of selected suburban stations.

The scope of consultancy would include interalia

(i)Plan and design of Traffic circulation improvement around the station including Commuter entry/exit, additional FOB/Subways or extensions

(ii)General movement of Commuter/pedestrian around the station; footpath improvements

(iii)Review and suggest Bus circulation boarding/alighting facilities; bus stops terminals

(iv)IPT (auto/taxi) circulation, queuing / stands and Private vehicle parking, kiss and ride facilities etc.

(v)Overall improvement of footpath, street furniture and road markings signage.

PEDESTRIAN IMPROVEMENTS - FOOT OVER BRIDGES, SKYWALKS etc.

Under the ongoing project of MUTP & MUIP substantial improvement are envisaged with regard mass transportation suburban rail / bus services and roadways. To ensure safe and efficient movement of pedestrian with station areas including crossover of arterial roads. It is proposed to create Foot over Bridges, Skywalks at strategic locations of high intensity of pedestrian traffic. These FOBs / Skywalks will cater to high density of pedestrian movements. MMRDA intends to retain services of experienced consultants. The scope of consultants would include.

i.Planning and FOBs and skywalks to facilitate the movement of pedestrians and commuters in the city.

ii.Designing of innovative and aesthetic structures for skywalks.
iii.Detailed layout/ designs and estimates and Bid documents.
iv.Implementation assistance.

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